Disney is almost certainly the world's most widely known and best-trusted entertainment brand. After years of ailing performance following the death of its founder, it found a whole new lease of life in the 1980s by reinventing the concept of the animated family movie. The huge popular success of The Little Mermaid, The Lion King and others encouraged the group to spread its wings into other areas; a key development was the takeover of Capital Cities/ABC to create one of the world's biggest media conglomerates. But by the end of the 1990s a good deal of the shine had come off the company's prestige as the house of mouse was rocked by management rows and lacklustre performance from both its core movies division and the ABC Television Network. The years of rumbling discontent culminated in a rift in the group's board, followed by an unexpected (but unsuccessful) takeover bid from cable giant Comcast. Peace was finally restored in 2005 when divisive CEO Michael Eisner agreed to step down in favour of his deputy Bob Iger. Performance continued to be mercurial for a few years, buffeted by recessionary forces, declines in DVD sales, and several under-performing movie releases. In fact, the group's most consistently profitable subsidiary for several years was not its high-profile movies, parks or ABC divisions but top-rated cable sports network ESPN. Disney finally got into its stride again with the takeover of Marvel and the astonishing success of the various movies inspired by its diverse collection of superheroes. In an even more startling move, it announced at the end of 2017 a deal to acquire most of entertainment rival 21st Century Fox for what was finally a price tag of $71.3bn in stock and debt. The group reported another year of record revenues and profits for the year to Sept 2018. Group revenues were $59.4bn with net income of $12.6bn. Since becoming CEO in 2005, Bob Iger has led the aggressive expansion of its entertainment portfolio through acquisitions of Pixar, Marvel, Lucasfilm and 20th Century Fox, among others. He is unquestionably the most powerful figure in the global entertainment industry. He finally moved to the role of executive chairman in 2020, naming Bob Chapek as the new group CEO.
Capsule checked 30th July 2019
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Historical profile information for Walt Disney
Adbrands Daily Update 13th Oct 2020: Disney announced a new operational structure that looks set to move streaming services to the heart of its entertainment offering. Its existing content operations are realigned as three separate units: Studios, under Alan Horn and Alan Bergman; Sports, under James Pitaro; and General Entertainment, under Peter Rice. These units will focus purely on content creation, irrespective of media channels. A separate new division of Media & Entertainment Distribution will oversee all commercial operations, including ad sales and channel distribution. It is in effect this division, to be headed by Kareem Daniel, that will decide where any particular film or entertainment series will be placed. It will also oversee the group's Disney+, Hulu, ESPN+ and other streaming services. "Managing content creation distinct from distribution will allow us to be more effective and nimble in making the content consumers want most, delivered in the way they prefer to consume it," commented new CEO Bob Chapek. "Our creative teams will concentrate on what they do best - making world-class, franchise-based content - while our newly centralised global distribution team will focus on delivering and monetising that content in the most optimal way across all platforms." Disney's main remaining division of Parks, Experiences & Products will continue to operate separately.
Adbrands Daily Update 26th Feb 2020: Bob Iger stepped down as CEO of Walt Disney with immediate effect, but will remain executive chairman. Instead, the group named Bob Chapek, previously head of its biggest division Parks & Products, as CEO. The suddenness of the announcement was a surprise, even within Disney, but the group is long overdue to name a successor to Iger. The long-serving CEO has postponed his departure on no fewer than four occasions, most recently last year, citing the complications of bedding down the Fox assets and launching Disney+. Yet the elevation of Chapek - a 27-year Disney veteran - still leaves plenty of room for Iger. "The company has gotten larger and more complex," he told analysts this week. "I should be spending as much time as possible on the creative side of our businesses." His new contract runs until Dec 2021. In his 14 years as CEO, Iger has wholly transformed the group, not least through the acquisitions of Pixar, Marvel, Lucasfilm and Fox. However, in that time, several previous contenders for the top job have departed, fearing they would never get a chance to become CEO. Chapek has long been seen as another such contender. The abrupt nature of this appointment, without any forewarning, might suggest that there were fears within the board that he too might be tempted away elsewhere.
Adbrands Daily Update 14th Nov 2019: A day after the official launch of its Disney+ streaming service, Walt Disney said it had already signed up in excess of 10m subscribers. On the face of it, that's an exceptionally strong start, but Disney had been running discounted promotional offers for three months ahead of the launch, and has agreed a partnership with Verizon to offer the telecoms group's customers their first year free of charge. As many as 17m Verizon customers are eligible for that deal; neither group has said how many have already signed up. Disney has itself said it aims to sign up between 60m and 90m subscriber worldwide by 2024. Disney's share price touched record highs of just under $150 on the back of its recent strong financial performance and the Disney+ launch.
Adbrands Daily Update 8th Nov 2019: Strong growth across all its existing divisions, plus an additional lift from the consolidation of Hulu and the newly acquired Star India satellite channel, boosted Disney's revenues for the year ended Sept to a new high of $69.6bn. Revenues for the final quarter alone jumped by more than a third overall, and by more than 50% in the studio entertainment division. However costs associated with Hulu, investment in the ESPN+ streaming channel and the launch of Disney+ ate into profits, which slipped back from the previous year's record highs to $11.1bn. The biggest weakness has been the poorer than expected performance by the Fox movie division. Disney's own movie business was enhanced over the summer by the spectacular success of The Lion King, Toy Story 4 and Aladdin. By contrast, Fox had a series of flops including Ad Astra and X-Men: Dark Phoenix.
Adbrands Daily Update 15th Oct 2019: Omnicom Media Group retained the bulk of the business of Disney's North Amerian media channels following a major global review worth over $2bn in billings. That includes the Disney, Fox, Pixar, Marvel and other movie studios as well as ABC, ESPN and other broadcast and cable strands. A new dedicated agency, OMG23, is being created to manage the business. However, Publicis Media has been awarded all international entertainment assets as well as the soon-to-launch Disney+ streaming service worldwide and Disney's global Parks & Resorts division, previously held by Carat. It's an important counter to the Groupe's poor Q3 results, unveiled earlier than expected last week. (Was the timing arranged to get the bad news out of the way in time for this week's good news?) WPP is reported to have retained Disney's business in India.
Adbrands Daily Update 15th May 2019: Comcast agreed to transfer full operational control of Hulu to Disney in return for a five-year partnership agreement running until Jan 2024. The two sides will divide WarnerMedia's recently reacquired 10% stake between them, lifting the equity split in Hulu to Disney 66% / Comcast 33%. Comcast will continue to license NBCU content to the platform during that period, and will also carry Hulu on its Xfinity service. In 2024, a reciprocal put/call option comes into effect whereby either side can force the transfer of Comcast's remaining stake to Disney for a minimum valuation of $9bn. That figure could go higher, subject to an independent valuation of Hulu. NBCU CEO Steve Burke called the deal "a perfect outcome for us... the extension of the content-licensing agreement will generate significant cash flow for us, while giving us maximum flexibility to program and distribute to our own direct-to-consumer platform."
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