The Johnson & Johnson name is widely associated with consumer healthcare, but in fact this is the corporate group's smallest operating division, dwarfed by separate pharmaceutical and medical devices divisions (see separate profile). Yet this is still a mammoth business with combined sales of almost $14bn, spanning multiple categories including over-the-counter medicines such as Tylenol and Benadryl, skincare products like Neutrogena and Aveeno, oral care blockbuster Listerine, and of course long-established family favourites Band-Aid and Johnson's Baby. Despite its size and standing, Johnson & Johnson has endured difficult trading in recent years, especially in the US, as a result of a series of manufacturing problems and product recalls that tainted the reputations of several of its best-known consumer healthcare brands.
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Adbrands Weekly Update 24th Aug 2017: Johnson & Johnson suffered its worst loss to-date in what is expected to be a long series of court cases alleging links between use of its Johnson's Baby talcum powder and ovarian cancer. Eight cases have come to a verdict so far. J&J won three, but has lost five. In the latest, the jury awarded the plaintiff $417m in compensation and punitive damages, more than the four previous losses combined. There are still some 4,800 other claims still waiting to be addressed. The company denies any links between its products and an increased risk of cancer and is appealing against all five cases it has lost.
Adbrands Weekly Update 11th May 2017: Johnson & Johnson's reputation - still fragile after a series of OTC recalls over the past decade - remains under intense pressure following the loss of another court case over alleged links between use of its talcum powder and ovarian cancer. This latest is the 4th J&J has lost, but the award of punitive damages of $110m is the steepest yet, bring total potential costs to-date of more than $300m. J&J is appealing the penalty, citing the fact that it has been cleared in three other such trials. The task ahead is daunting, though, with well over 3,000 other talc-related suits still awaiting their day in court.
Adbrands Weekly Update 3rd Nov 2016: Johnson & Johnson lost a third lawsuit in St Louis, Missouri over claims that its talcum powder causes ovarian cancer. In a separate development, Johnson & Johnson sold Asia Pacific rights to the Reach toothbrush and dental floss brand to LG Home & Healthcare, South Korea's biggest personal care company. J&J sold the Reach brand in North America in 2012, and recently absorbed Reach dental floss into the Listerine family.
Adbrands Weekly Update 9th Jun 2016: Johnson & Johnson expanded its already extensive beauty portfolio with the acquisition of salon-inspired haircare marketer Vogue International for $3.3bn. Products include OGX and Proganix shampoo and conditioners and FX styling products. (OGX was known as Organix until 2013, but had to change its name because it is not an entirely organic product). These join J&J's existing portfolio, which includes Neutrogena, Clean & Clear, Aveeno and RoC. The sale price is a huge multiple of Vogue's current revenues, estimated at around $320m last year, and represents a substantial payout for founder and CEO Todd Christopher, who launched the company almost 30 years ago, after working in his uncle's hair salon. He still owns 51% of the business; investment fund Carlyle Group acquired the other 49% in 2014 for $391m.
Adbrands Weekly Update 5th Nov 2015: Interpublic scored a significant victory as another of the major "mediapalooza" account reviews reached its conclusion. Johnson & Johnson is to consolidate all global media planning and buying with J3, the dedicated unit within the UM network. J3 already managed media planning for Johnson & Johnson in North America, but took back buying duties from OMD in September. Now it will also take over overall control of J&J's media business in Asia Pacific from OMD, and adds responsibility in several important European markets (including the UK, France and Russia) where the business had previously been managed by Primus, a division of MEC. Total billings are around $2.6bn globally, including $1bn in the US. UM's latest gain from the consolidation comes to probably another $1bn.
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Free for all users | see full profile for current activities: Johnson & Johnson was formed in the early years of modern medicine, initially to combat high rates of infection among operative patients. In the late 19th century, surgical dressings were generally made from dirty cotton, swept from the floors of textile mills. But medical practice was gradually being revolutionized by Sir Joseph Lister's discovery of bacteria, and the realization that they could spread infection within the largely unhygienic theatres in which operations were performed. In 1886, brothers James and Edward Mead Johnson established a company to manufacture surgical dressings which would protect wounds from these bacteria, then a completely novel concept. However the driving force behind the business was the third brother Robert, who joined the firm in 1887, and suggested coating the inside of the dressings with an antiseptic compound to aid recovery. Despite the presence of three brothers, the business kept its original name of Johnson & Johnson. Ten years later, Edward Mead Johnson left the firm and set up his own business making nutritional products for babies. That company, Mead Johnson, is now a division of Bristol Myers-Squibb.
Johnson & Johnson's antiseptic plasters were followed by absorbent gauze dressings, and in 1888 the company published the textbook Modern Methods of Antiseptic Wound Treatment, which for many years remained a standard text on antiseptic practices. In 1890, in answer to a complaint from a doctor that their plasters had caused skin irritation in one of his patients, the company began packaging Italian talcum powder with their dressings. It was soon apparent that the same powder was also invaluable for preventing skin irritation in babies, and the scented talc began to be sold separately under the name of Johnson's Baby Powder in 1892. The same year the company developed the first dressing which was not only antiseptic but also pre-sterilised, followed by zinc oxide plasters in 1899. Continued experimentation finally led to the creation of one of the company's most successful products, the Band-Aid plaster, first launched in 1921. The product is credited to Johnson Kenyon, manager of the company's textiles mill. According to company legend, his accident-prone wife had a habit of cutting her finger while preparing dinner. To save her time when bandaging the wounds, Kenyon laid out a long strip of the company's surgical tape on the table sticky side up, and placed small pads of gauze along the strip. Then he attached a separate strip of non-stick crinoline on top and rolled up the whole device, so she could just cut off a piece of the bandage each time she needed a piece.
The company expanded rapidly to market its new discoveries. Robert Johnson had died in 1910, succeeded as president by his brother James. But his sons came to play an important part in the business. International expansion began in 1919, with a Canadian affiliate, followed by the establishment of a UK division in 1924. Robert Wood Johnson Jr became president in 1932, and set in place a process of a rapid growth. As the company grew, its different divisions were established as independent operating units. In 1941, the group's suture business was separated from the rest of the group, and renamed Ethicon in 1949. Johnson & Johnson also introduced a range of birth control products under the Ortho brand. In 1959, the group acquired pharmaceutical laboratory McNeil Laboratories. The following year, McNeil launched pain reliever acetaminophen under the Tylenol brandname. The same year, the group acquired Swiss drug company Cilag-Chemie and Janssen Pharmaceutica of Belgium. The two were merged to form Janssen-Cilag. Other acquisitions included Dr Carl Hahn Company in Germany, the manufacturer of sanitary protection products for women (1974); and the Penaten Group, Germany's leading baby toiletries company (1986).
A series of other acquisitions followed during the 1980s and 1990s. Frontier Contact Lens was acquired in 1981 and became Vistakon, the leading contact lens company in the US. The business introduced Acuevue contact lenses in 1983. In 1986, Johnson & Johnson acquired LifeScan, which makes home blood glucose monitoring systems for people with diabetes. J&J claims to prefer forging partnerships with smaller, entrepreneurial businesses whose innovative products can benefit from J&J's marketing muscle. However, it also operates joint ventures with bigger partners in the industry. A joint venture was formed in 1989 with Merck to develop and market a range of non-prescription products acquired from ICI. The group was also one the first into China - Janssen Pharmaceutica entered the market in 1985, followed by Johnson & Johnson's Band-Aid business in 1990.
In 1993 and 1994, the group acquired French skincare business RoC as well as Neutrogena in the US. Other purchases included Mitek Surgical Products (1995), circulatory remedy business Cordis (1996), orthopaedic products maker DePuy (from Roche in 1998) and FemRX (1999). Also that year, Johnson acquired SC Johnson & Son's skincare business, based around the Aveeno brand, and agreed a partnership with Shiseido. Johnson launched the latter's Super Mild shampoo in Asia-Pacific outside Japan, while Shiseido marketed Neutrogena in Japan. In 1998, the company secured North American rights to Benecol, an innovative Finnish margarine product made from wood pulp which reduces cholesterol levels. The product launched in 1999 in the US.
In 1999 Johnson agreed the purchase of biotechnology group Centocor for $4.9bn, after more than six months of negotiations. The following year the group announced it would stop marketing its heartburn drug Propulsid in the US after reports of serious cardiovascular side effects. Also in 2000, the group acquired Innovasive Devices, specialising in surgical devices for sports injuries. Group subsidiary Cordis acquired Atrionix, a company manufacturing catheter-based systems for the treatment of heart conditions. In 2001 the group acquired online business BabyCenter Inc from failed dotcom retailer eToys. A few months later it announced a new partnership with Danone to produce a new range of nine skincare products under the Evian Affinity brand. The group launched another major acquisition in early 2001, agreeing to buy Alza Corporation for around $12.3bn, then its biggest ever purchase.
The group's most significant purchase in recent years was the deal to acquire Pfizer's mammoth OTC portfolio. That deal was agreed in June 2006, with a price tag of $16.6bn, and completed at the end of the year. In early 2007, J&J disclosed that it had uncovered evidence that two of its international subsidiaries in the medical devices division had made improper payments relating to sales of products. No further details were released, but the improper payments were thought to constitute bribes. Although he did not appear to have been personally involved in the matter, Michael Dormer, chairman of the group's medical devices division, accepted responsibility for the actions and resigned. See full profile for current activities
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